Highly eccentric orbits (C)ΒΆ

This example uses the IAS15 integrator to simulate a very eccentric planetary orbit. The integrator automatically adjusts the timestep so that the pericentre passages resolved with high accuracy.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <math.h>
#include "rebound.h"

double tmax;
void heartbeat(struct reb_simulation* r);

int main(int argc, char* argv[]){
    struct reb_simulation* r = reb_create_simulation();
    // Setup constants
    r->G            = 1;        // Gravitational constant
    r->integrator        = REB_INTEGRATOR_IAS15;
    r->heartbeat        = heartbeat;

    double e_testparticle     = 1.-1e-7;
    double mass_scale    = 1.;        // Some integrators have problems when changing the mass scale, IAS15 does not.
    double size_scale    = 1;        // Some integrators have problems when changing the size scale, IAS15 does not.

    struct reb_particle star = {0};
    star.m  = mass_scale;
    reb_add(r, star);

    struct reb_particle planet;
    planet.m  = 0;
    planet.x  = size_scale*(1.-e_testparticle);
    planet.vy = sqrt((1.+e_testparticle)/(1.-e_testparticle)*mass_scale/size_scale);
    reb_add(r, planet);


    // initial timestep
    r->dt             = 1e-13*sqrt(size_scale*size_scale*size_scale/mass_scale);
    tmax            = 1e2*2.*M_PI*sqrt(size_scale*size_scale*size_scale/mass_scale);

    reb_integrate(r, tmax);

void heartbeat(struct reb_simulation* r){
    if(reb_output_check(r,tmax/10000.)){        // outputs to the screen
        reb_output_timing(r, tmax);
    // Output the time and the current timestep. Plot it to see how IAS15 automatically reduces the timestep at pericentre.
    FILE* of = fopen("timestep.txt","a");

This example is located in the directory examples/eccentric_orbit